The National Museum
Václavské náměstí 68, 115 79 Praha 1
Founded in 1818, the National Museum is the largest and the third oldest in the Czech Republic. It houses vast collections that include all spheres of historical and natural scientific heritage: mineralogical, paleontological or anthropological, archaeological, ethnographical or musicological. It administrates fifteen buildings open to the public either inside or outside Prague. The Museum’s library is the second largest in the Czech Republic. The museum underwent extensive reconstruction and the Historic Building on Wenceslas Square was opened to the public again in the jubilee year 2018.
The National Gallery in Prague
Staroměstské náměstí 12, 110 15 Praha 1
The National Gallery in Prague, whose tradition goes back to 1796, is among the world’s earliest public collections of art. Showcased in six buildings precious in terms of architecture are masterpieces coming from the Central European Middle Ages period, the world’s masters’ extraordinary pieces of work, starting with Rubens, Gauguin to Picasso, Asian arts, as well creation of key personalities of the Czech visual arts.
The National Open Air Museum
Palackého 147, 756 61 Rožnov pod Radhoštěm
One of the oldest open air museums in Europe whose existence relates to the “Wallachian Year 1” first held in July 1925. It features vernacular architecture of Moravian Wallachia region, both of the urban and rural environments. The founders of the Museum, the Jaroněk brothers, had planned to establish the so-called living museum showing the life of our fathers, their work or leisure time in numerous variations. Held there during the whole year are events such as ethnographic happenings, folklore festivals, meetings of artisans, or fairs. The Museum also cares for two folk Art Nouveau style buildings Libušín and Maměnka lying in Pustevny and designed by Dušan Jurkovič.
The National Technical Museum
Kostelní 1320/42, 170 78 Praha 7
The National Technical Museum is the largest Czech institution of this kind. It exhibits collections in fourteen permanent expositions and many temporary exhibitions. What belongs to the jewels is Rudolf Caracciola’s racing car Mercedes Benz W154 winning Grand Prix in 1938. The exposition of Astronomy boasts precious exhibits, such as Bürgi‘s sextant used by Johannes Kepler. The Czech assets to science are represented by, e.g., contact-lenses apparatus in the exposition of Chemistry, which Otto Wichterle used in 1961 for producing the first soft contact lenses.
The Moravian Museum
Zelný trh 6, 659 37 Brno
The Moravian Museum is one of the largest and oldest memory institutions in the Central-European space. Established in 1817, it is dedicated to the history of a unique territory, Moravia, whose dwellers created the so-called Venus of Dolní Věstonice, the first known clay sculpture and the earliest portrait of a woman in the world, as early as 25,000 years ago. The figure is now listed as the National Cultural Monument. Among other carefully conserved unique objects is, e.g., a plough Maria Theresa’s son, the future Emperor Joseph II worked with in 1769, or extensive numismatic, theatre and literature collections. The Museum houses unique nature history collections from around the world.
The Moravian Gallery in Brno
Husova 18, 662 26 Brno
The Moravian Gallery in Brno is the second largest museum of art in the Czech Republic. It was founded in 1961 after collections from the Moravian Museum of Applied Arts and the Picture Gallery of the Moravian Museum had unified. It operates five buildings: Pražák Palace; the Museum of Applied Arts; Governor’s Palace; an architect, Dušan Jurkovič’s own villa; and Josef Hoffmann’s birthplace in Brtnice, which is the workplace shared with the Museum of Applied Arts (MAK), Vienna. It is the only art museum in our country that perceives fine art culture in overall manner, and works with art coming from the earliest times to modern and contemporary items, photographs, applied arts, graphic design and architecture.
The Museum of Art in Olomouc
Denisova 47, 771 11 Olomouc
The Museum of Art in Olomouc was established in 1951, and is housed in three buildings: the Museum of Modern Art, the Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum and the Kroměříž Archdiocesan Museum, where collections of ancient, modern and contemporary arts have been amassed. The Museum boasts the rich collection of fine art culture of Central Europe, which is to be assembled in the Central European Forum Olomouc new building . The collection contains 185 thousand objects. The Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum was awarded the European Heritage Label in 2016.
The Silesian Museum
Nádražní okruh 31, 746 01 Opava
The Silesian Museum opens imaginary gate into Silesia. The museum exhibits range from living creatures or inanimate nature, prehistory, history to art history. Founded in 1814, it is the oldest public museum on the territory of today’s Czech Republic. It administers six museum buildings and complexes. The land Silesia itself is presented in an exhibition housed in the Historic Exhibition Building in Opava. Topics, such as defence or military science, are covered in expositions situated in the Hlučín-Darkovičky Czechoslovak Fortification Complex and the World War II Memorial in Hrabyně. An extensive collection of plants is grown in the Nový Dvůr Arboretum in Stěbořice. Literature is traced in the Petr Bezruč Memorial in Opava and the Petr Bezruč Chalet in Ostravice.
The Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague
17. listopadu 2, 110 00 Praha 1
The Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague aims to provide a visitor with inspiration, insight and experience. The scope of activities in the Museum’s newly restored building forming the cultural whole with the concert and exhibition building of Rudolfinum; the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design; and the Faculty of Arts, Charles University, Prague, has been expending since 2017. Rich collections of international importance contain vast and unique sets of past and present art glass, porcelain, textile, fashion, furniture, utility graphics or a collection of photographs. Presented in a building called the House of Black Madonna are unique illustrations of Czech Cubism in utility arts and architecture.
The Jewish Museum in Prague
U Staré školy 141/1, 110 00 Praha 1
The Jewish Museum in Prague established in 1906 is among the oldest ones of this kind in Europe. During the War, its collection was taken over by the Jewish Community in Prague that had initiated the foundation of the so-called Central Jewish Museum, the project approved by the Nazis, however pursuing different aims. The Museum was nationalized in 1950 after the communist takeover. In October 1994, the museum buildings and collections were given back to the Jewish Community that would found the Jewish Museum in Prague, non-governmental institution devoted to the cultural history of Bohemian and Moravian Jews. The Museum performs rich exposition, professional, educational, publishing and cultural activities.
The National Pedagogical Museum and Library of J. A. Comenius
Valdštejnská 161/20, 118 00 Praha 1
The museum was established in 1892 thanks to Czech teachers as an expression of efforts to preserve and document the historical traditions of Czech education, pedagogy and the legacy of Jan Amos Comenius. Since 2011, the institution has included a library whose collection consists of almost half a million volumes – books (especially textbooks), periodicals, audio documents, electronic documents and maps. In the years 2020 to 2022, the museum coordinates the National Celebrations of the Anniversary of Jan A. Comenius, which also includes the “Comenius“ to Classes competition!