Museums of nature
The National Museum of Agriculture in Prague
Kostelní 44, 170 00 Praha 7
The National Museum of Agriculture was founded in 1918, however its oldest department has been operated since 1842, so it might be the earliest museum of forestry and hunting ever. Forestry, game-keeping or hunting, fishing, farming, food processing industry, gastronomy and other are presented through dynamic expositions as branches that are essential for existence of both an individual and the civilization. A visitor is given opportunity to realize importance of agriculture as one of the most significant know-how the humankind has developed, and which existentially interlinks our future.
Mendel Museum of Masaryk University
Mendlovo nám. 1a, 603 00 Brno
The museum builds on the legacy of Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884), the founder of genetics and the discoverer of the basic laws of heredity. Museum presents Mendel’s work in a permanent exhibition, which is regularly complemented with short-term exhibitions. The Museum is established like the meeting place for experts, where the results of science and research are presented to the general audience. Many Nobel Prize winners also lectured at Mendel Lectures.
The Moravian Museum
Zelný trh 6, 659 37 Brno
The Moravian Museum is one of the largest and oldest memory institutions in the Central-European space. Established in 1817, it is dedicated to the history of a unique territory, Moravia, whose dwellers created the so-called Venus of Dolní Věstonice, the first known clay sculpture and the earliest portrait of a woman in the world, as early as 25,000 years ago. The figure is now listed as the National Cultural Monument. Among other carefully conserved unique objects is, e.g., a plough Maria Theresa’s son, the future Emperor Joseph II worked with in 1769, or extensive numismatic, theatre and literature collections. The Museum houses unique nature history collections from around the world.
The Museum of East Bohemia in Hradec Králové
Eliščino nábřeží 465, 500 01 Hradec Králové 1
Situated on the bank of the Labe River (Elbe) in Hradec Králové and created with loving care dances the most attractive building designed by an outstanding architect, Jan Kotěra. The institution of the Museum founded no later but in 1880 is permanently developing and collecting East Bohemia’s memories with professional interest and youthful enthusiasm. Among natural science, historical and archaeological conserved memoirs is the War of 1866 Museum at Chlum, the memento of a conflict that belongs to the bitterest ones in Europe in the 19th century. Defeated Austria lost its position in the region, and Prussia embarked on the journey to form a united state of Germans.
The Museum of the Vysočina in Třebíč
Zámek 1, 674 01 Třebíč
The Museum established in 1898 displays the history and nature of the Třebíč region. It is famous for collections of pipes, Moravian moldavites, minerals and rocks, as well a collection of nativity scenes. It annually stages events such as The Czech Republic Trade Fair of Museums or Pipe Smoking in Třebíč. The former Monastery and Basilica of St. Procopius and Jewish Quarter have been included in the List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Museum of the Wallachian Region
Horní náměstí 2, 775 01 Vsetín
The museum profiles itself as a multidisciplinary organization in the fields of social sciences, natural sciences and technology. It educates visitors on the basis of a multidisciplinary approach through exhibitions, expositions, events and publishing activities, and educates children and youth in the environmental field. It takes care of a unique collection of furniture made of bent beech wood, tapestries and lighting glass, and a collection of old prints is supraregionally valuable. Part of the museum is an observatory, which deals with the popularization of astronomy and other natural sciences.
The National Museum
Václavské náměstí 68, 115 79 Praha 1
Founded in 1818, the National Museum is the largest and the third oldest in the Czech Republic. It houses vast collections that include all spheres of historical and natural scientific heritage: mineralogical, paleontological or anthropological, archaeological, ethnographical or musicological. It administrates fifteen buildings open to the public either inside or outside Prague. The Museum’s library is the second largest in the Czech Republic. The museum underwent extensive reconstruction and the Historic Building on Wenceslas Square was opened to the public again in the jubilee year 2018.
The Silesian Museum
Nádražní okruh 31, 746 01 Opava
The Silesian Museum opens imaginary gate into Silesia. The museum exhibits range from living creatures or inanimate nature, prehistory, history to art history. Founded in 1814, it is the oldest public museum on the territory of today’s Czech Republic. It administers six museum buildings and complexes. The land Silesia itself is presented in an exhibition housed in the Historic Exhibition Building in Opava. Topics, such as defence or military science, are covered in expositions situated in the Hlučín-Darkovičky Czechoslovak Fortification Complex and the World War II Memorial in Hrabyně. An extensive collection of plants is grown in the Nový Dvůr Arboretum in Stěbořice. Literature is traced in the Petr Bezruč Memorial in Opava and the Petr Bezruč Chalet in Ostravice.